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Below are a selection of pain conditions or health challenges that we can treat.  Although trained in anatomy and physiology and having a good knowledge of pathologies, due to professional restrictions and legislation we are not able to diagnose conditions.

If you are not sure about a pain condition, health challenge or injury we recommend you see a GP before booking a treatment.

All over body pain

All Over Body Pain

Chronic Pain Conditions that spread or move throughout the body

What is All Over Body Pain?

Multiple Schlerosis, ME, Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis are just a few of these conditions

This website gives you information on a variety of All over body pain conditions. However, please consult your doctor for diagnosis so that you get specific knowledge and information about the presentation of your all over body pain condition.

Please do not try to self-diagnose. It is vital that you get the correct all over body pain diagnosis and treatment.

How can we help with All Over Body Pain?

We are able to orthopaedically assess you to see how your all over body pain condition is effecting your mobility and to see which muscles and joints are being impacted.

We will then work to restore the structural balance to take pressure off the weak or inflamed areas of pain in your body. This in turn can help to release pressure that may have initially contributed to cause your problem.

All treatment for all over body pain are aimed at enabling you to self-manage your condition. You will be given exercises and activities to do between treatments.

All of our all over body pain treatments are complementary to NHS treatment, and can contribute independantly of, or alongside medical intervention for all over body pain.

All over body pain conditions are caused by injury, bad posture, repetitive strain, degeneration of bone or soft tissues, or degenerative disease.  Treatment needs to be based on good knowledge of which of these factors contribute to your all over body pain.  With a condition like Osteoporosis you would also want to look at Nutrition for Osteoporosis

Some conditions that give pain all over the body will change their presentation from day to day, whilst other conditions will always present the same sensations.  Each individual responds differently to treatment for all over body pain and it can take time to establish the length of treatment that will be needed.

Anxiety and Depression

Mood swings have various causes including low blood sugar, hormonal imbalances, and toxicity. Reflexology and kinesiology treatments can be very beneficial in helping to bring homeostasis (balance) to the body so that the client will feel more in control and equipped to positively get on with their life.

Carpel Tunnel Syndrome

This is an impingement of the median nerve, usually due to overuse of the wrist which causes a narrowing of the carpal tunnel, creating an inflammation of nerves and tendons of the forearm and wrist.

The pain may be local to the wrist, but it can also be due to tightness of muscles and fascia in the neck and shoulders.  Symptoms can vary from tenderness, to tingling and numbness in the hands and fingers.

Carpal tunnel can be caused by sports, activities where the wrist is used for support, or commonly office works such as continuous use of a computer keyboard.


A modern day name for this is texters thumb. It is a repetitive strain injury (RSI) which effects the muscles around the thumb and the soft tissues surrounding the thumb.

The whole area may become inflamed with limited movement.  Numbness, pain and tingling can all be symptoms of this condition.


Fibromyalgia Pain Condition

Fibromyalgia pain patterns

Fibromyalgia causes pain and fatigue

  • Fibromyalgia is a combination of chronic pain in muscles, tendons, ligaments
  • With Fibromyalgia IBS, CFS, Headaches, Fatigue and sleeping problems can be present
  • Effects 2% of population, and 85% of them are women (Werner 2009)
  • Combination or hormonal and neuro imbalances
  • Presents as musculo-skeletal system pain, but is a central nervous system problem (Werner)
  • Client does not get level 4 sleep to enable correct depth of rest

Fibromyalgia Symptoms:

  • Changeable pain throughout the body, moving location and varying intensity, throbbing, aching, burning
  • 9 pairs of predictable tender points (diag 1a) light pressure gives them acute pain
  • Stiffness after resting
  • Fatigue and lack of stamina
  • Magnified sensitivity to light, noise, touch and pressure
  • Ongoing persistant symptoms for at least 3 months

How is Fibromyalgia Diagnosed?

  • A process of eliminating other conditions, eg arthritis, MS
  • Difficult to identify as no abnormality in muscles is present (Walton 2011)
  • pain from tender points is throughout the body

Fibromyalgia can be misdiagnosed as:

  • a musclo-skeletal problem
  • Doctors need to eliminate other possible conditions before diagnosis
  • Massage Therapist must be aware of differences between tender points immediate acute pain on touch and trigger point deeper pain on pressure

Complications with Fibromyalgia:

  • Deep sleep loss makes symptoms worse and causes depression (vicious cycle)
  • Invisibility of disease makes it desperately isolating

Who gets Fibromyalgia?

  • Mainly women although this could be as men do not seek help for it.
  • People who overdo it and cope for years and then their health crashes
  • Older people are more like to show symptoms

Prognosis for Fibromyalgia:

  • Fibromyalgia can get worse or remain the same for months or years
  • Fibromyalgia cases may improve with lifestyle changes or stress reduction

Who to refer Fibromyalgia clients to:

  • Doctor to investigate what is wrong
  • If IBS is present with Fibromyalgia, nutrition can helps with complications
  • Yoga or meditation class to help with fatigue and mental/emotional distress from Fibromyalgia

How to treat Fibromyalgia:

  • Medication can be helpful for Fibromyalgia
  • Important to palpate the body and note which areas are specifically painful from touch and to avoid pressure, stretches and joint mobilisation that will cause pain

What treatment does Fibromyalgia need?:

  • This will be an ongoing to treatment
  • Pressure may be able to become deeper with ongoing sessions

Massage Techniques for Fibromyalgia:

  • Hot/cold depending on the Fibromyalgia clients sensitivity to temperature
  • Myofasical Release to calm the Central Nervous System
  • Cranial Sacral work can stimulate the body and  invoke calm and help get client to deep levels of rest
  • Initially very gentle trigger point work being careful not to confuse the tender points

Expected Outcome & Timescale if you suffer with Fibromyalgia:

It is impossible to speculate how treatment of Fibromyalgia will effect the client as so many emotional, mental and physical factors are present.  However, the techniques above will support the client in coping with their condition

Food and Chemical Intolerance

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Frozen Shoulder

Frozen Shoulder can develop gradually into a debilitating and incapacitating condition. 

Chronic stiffness or pain of the glenohumeral shoulder joint

It has three stages initial freezing as lack of range of movement develops. 

  • Freezing during the gradual onset
  • Frozen, when the client can barely lift their arm. 
  • Melting as the condition begins to subside. 
  • It can be a secondary condition that develops after an injury eg a rotator cuff tear, or due to repetitive movements.  However, it can manifest due to emoional stress.  The condition is most prevalent in women over the age of 40.
  • Sometimes there is no obvious cause. 
  • It develops over time and makes normal activity and movement very difficult. 
  • The average prognosis of recovery is about 18 months, however with regular bodywork such a clinical massage and myofascial release, you may be able to half the recovery period.


This is inflammation of the tendons of the inner elbow, due to repetitive strain of the forearm muscles.  It is the counterpart to Tennis Elbow.  Possibly, only 5% of people with this diagnosis have developed it from playing golf.

Other causes are any other racquet sport or repetitive activities like gardening, carpentry.

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

This is a generic term for digestive discomfort.  It can be caused by emotional stress causing muscle spasm in the area or, nutritional intolerances, and damaged lining of the gut.

Lower Back Pain

What can you do about lower back pain?

Back Pain Condition

This website gives you information on a wide range of back pain conditions.  However please consult your doctor for diagnosis so that you get specific knowledge and information about the presentation of your back pain condition.
At Ixchel Therapies we will orthopaedically assess you to see how your back pain condition is effecting your mobility. This will reveal which muscles and joints are being impacted.
We will then work to restore the structural balance of your body to take pressure off the weak or inflamed areas of your back.  This in turn can help to release pressure that may have initially contributed to cause your problem.
All treatment is aimed at enabling you to self-manage your condition.  You will be given exercises and activities to do between treatments.

All of our back pain treatments are complementary to NHS treatment, and can contribute independantly of, or alongside medical intervention for back pain.

Back Pain Conditions are caused by injury, bad posture, repetitive strain, degeneration of bone or soft tissues, or degenerative disease.  Back Pain Treatment needs to be based on good knowledge of which of these factors contribute to your back pain.

Please do not try to self-diagnose. It is vital that you get the correct advice and diagnosis from a doctor.


This is a term used for lover back pain and stiffness when lifting or twisting, although it can also appear out of the blue without an obvious reason.  It indicates a weak back or bad posture.  It is very common in people who sit for long periods of time.

Osteoporosis – What is it?

  • Osteoporosis manifests when poor mineralization causes loss of bone strength.
  • Osteoporosis happens when Osteoclast cells remove bone leaving cavities that in healthy bone are replaced by osteoblasts.
  • This leaves very fragile bones that break easily
  • Changes in sex hormone level of oestrogen accelerates the rate of loss onset of Osteoporosis
  • Disuse of longbones can also bring Osteoporosis on

Osteoporosis of the vertebrae

Osteoporosis Symptoms:

  • Osteoporosis Bones begin to thin.
  • Osteoporosis causes Back Pain
  • Pathological fractures occur commonly in the hip, wrist and spine from force that healthy bones can take.
  • Osteoporosis causes compression fractures in the verterbrae causing them to collapse changing the shape of the spine. (Kyphosis)
  • The person with Osteoporosis can literally seem to shrink or lose height (see image) as bone density diminishes

How is Osteoporosis Diagnosed?

  • Unless a bone scan is done, you would not know you have it until eg: the Kyphosis develops or fracture of other bones
  • X-ray or heel ultrasound

Can Osteoporosis be misdiagnosed?

If someone is in pain and a fracture has not been established, it is possible initially to not realise it is Osteoporosis

Complications with Osteoporosis:

  • Fractures will limit the persons ability to take care of themselves
  • The fractures may or may not cause pain
  • Fractures will make physical activity far more difficult, which in turn due to lack of exercise will cause further bone thinning.

Who gets Osteoporosis:

  • Most common in post menopausal women over 50
  • Women who have early menopause
  • Smokers
  • Inactive people
  • People with history of sex hormone deficiency


  • This is a progressive disease, there are medications and nutrition (Calcium, Vitamin D) that can help to slow down the process
  • Onset can become very quick after oestrogen levels drop with aging process
  • Can dramatically worsen if immobile

What timescale:

  • Osteoporosis is progressive so treatment would be regular and continuous
  • Client may be very anxious about causing fractures so treatment will help them relax

Expected Outcome:

  • This is ongoing treatment.
  • Excersise is essential for Osteoporosis and massage can support this, help to ease and relax the musclse which may help the client to feel stronger and less vulnerable
  • Client may feel less anxious emotionally with treatment

Plantar Fasciitis or Heel Spur (Policeman’s Foot)

This is a very painful condition of the heel and sole of the foot due to tension in the plantar fascia, a tight, think band of fascia running from the heel to the all of the foot.  The pain can travel towards toes and is usually worse in the morning.  The tension of the plantar fascia, can eventually lead to heel spurs, which are painful bony protruberances.

This condition is common in runners, people who spend a lot of time on their feet, as well as people who sit at their desk and keep their heels off the floor.

Rotator Cuff Injuries (Shoulder pain condition)

Accidents or overuse can cause damage to the rotator cuff muscles as well as adhesions in the soft tissue surrounding the shoulder joint (glenohumeral).  The patient will be feeling pain around the injured area, and have a loss or movement and strength.  It may well be worse at nightime and can often be mistaken for adhesive capulitis (frozen shoulder).

Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI)

Conditions resulting from overuse and repeated use of muscles and fasica are called (RSI) these included:

•  Carpel tunnel syndrome
•  De Quervians Syndrome (texters’ thumb)
•  Golfers’ Elbow
•  Tennis Elbow
•  Myofascial Pain

A patient could feel a variety of symptoms including tingling, numbness, pins and needles, shooting pain and start to have limited function in that area of the body. It may well be worse at nightime. Trigger point and myofascial work can release compression and damage in these areas, so that the natural body-mechanics of the body are restored.

Scar Tissue

Scar tissue can develop after an injury or surgical procedure. It can be superficial or deep.  It can cause pain in it’s own right that is local to the scar or be responsible for referred pain in other areas of the body. Myofascial work is very helpful for this condition.


Sciatica is a symptom caused by slipped disc, perfiformis or other pathologies of the lower back  – Sciatica is more a symptom than a condition.
Sciatic Nerve Pain will radiate from the lower back down one leg and will often come with chronic lower back pain. The Sciatic nerve (see image) is aggravated by movement of the lower back such as exercise or straining, as well as involuntary coughing and sneezing. However, sciatica can also be caused by more serious conditions such as slipped disc, or the trapping of the sciatic nerve due to muscular compression or strain.  The pain can be awful, creating numbness and tingling sensations.  It is very important to consult your doctor immediately to eliminate Cauda Equina if you have loss of sensation or bladder control.

Sciatic Pain can travel throughout the back of the leg

Extreme sciatic symptoms in the lower back, and down the leg can be numbness, weakness and reduction of movement or even reflexes in the effected leg. A common cause of these symptoms is adhesions and restrictions in the periformis muscle.  Trigger point work can be very helpful for sciatic related conditions.

Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis)

Tennis elbow is a pain condition caused by inflammation of the tendons on the outside of the elbow due to overuse of the forearm muscles.It is the opposite to golfers’ elbow pain, which is situated on the inside of the elbow joint.

Although called Tennis Elbow, only about 5% of patients have acquired it by injuring themselves playing tennis.  It is caused by playing any arm sport, golf or by repeated one sided movements with the lower arm muscles like gardening or building jobs such as carpentry.

It is possible to suffer with both Tennis Elbow and Golfers Elbow at the same time.  They are both RSI conditions.


This usually results from an accident and is caused by a sudden jolt making the cervical spine rapidly move forward and backwards, causing trauma to the area.  It can damage all the structures in the area and cause chronic pain.

•  Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

•  General Muscle Pain

•  Myofascial Pain Syndrome

•  Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI)

•  Scar Tissue

•  Tendinitis

Upper body aches & pains

•  Carpel Tunnel Syndrome

•  De Quervians Syndrome

•  Frozen Shoulder (Adhesive Capulitis)

•  Golfers’ Elbow (Medial Epicondylitis)

•  Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI)

•  Rotator Cuff Injuries (Shoulder pain condition)

•  Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis)

•  Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

•  Torticollis

•  Upper Body Aches and Pains (Neck, Shoulder and Back)

•  Whiplash

•  Work Related Upper Limb Disorder

Back pain

•  Lumbago

•  Piriformis Syndrome

•  Sciatica

Lower body pain

•  Iliotibial Friction Syndrome (Runners Knee)

•  Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

•  Piriformis Syndrome

•  Plantar Fasciitis or Heel Spur (Policeman’s Foot)

•  Sciatica

•  Shin Splints (lower leg, calf muscle pain)

Health challenges

•  Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

•  Mood Swings

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